Back Pain may be a common ailment but it needs to be considered seriously if it becomes a chronic condition. Although back pain causes may vary, the symptoms usually manifest in the form of discomfort and feeling of pain in the back region. The result is often a pain in the specific area of the Back. The following symptoms may also be seen
- The pain becomes worse with activity.
- The pain becomes after prolonged sitting or at night
- Feeling numbness or weakness in some parts of the leg
- You experience an inability to stand on your toes or bring your foot down due to injury or compression of the first sacral nerve.
- Inability to raise your big toe upward which is caused due to the compression of the fifth lumbar nerve.
Back pain may also be caused due to inflammation or injury of the muscles, bones, and nerves of the spine region. It may also be caused due to abnormalities in the abdomen, pelvis, or chest. This pain is known as referred pain. Many conditions like appendicitis, kidney diseases, bladder infections, and pelvic infections, can also cause referred back pain. Even pregnancy can cause back pain due to stretching of ligaments in the pelvic area.
Direct irritation of the nerve can also lead to back pain. Impingement pain is felt as a sharp pain in a specific area. It also causes numbness in the area where the nerve supplies the blood.
The pain may also be caused due to herniated discs.
Spinal disc degeneration is another reason which could lead to spinal-canal narrowing, medically known as spinal stenosis. Spinal stenosis may radiate pain down both the legs after walking for long distances.
Cauda equina syndrome is a condition caused when the spinal cord is directly compressed. It results in pain, loss of sensation, and poor bowel or bladder motion. It could also cause bladder incontinence,
myofascial pain syndromes and fibromyalgia are caused due to Musculoskeletal problems.
Myofascial pain is a condition in which the pain and tenderness occur in localized areas. It also causes immobility in the related muscle groups. Relief from pain may be felt when the muscle group is stretched.
Fibromyalgia causes pain and tenderness in the body along with stiffness, fatigue and muscle aches.
osteomyelitis is a condition in which there is an infection of the bones of the spine.